Great post Suzy! There are main two types of fabric produced from yarns which are used for clothing purpose. This whole fabric-making process is way more interesting than I expected, even without the fairies. Making yarn from fabric is a lot of fun, because you have complete control over the process! Roving process: A process of making fibers suitable for spinning. No matter if your fibers are coming from worms or pushed through shower heads, they’re going to go through three basic steps before they reach fabric-status. Yeah, we already covered this in the post on how thread was made, but that doesn’t make it any less awweeesoooooomeee. (Did a lightbulb just go off in your brain, too?! The yarn produced by spinning is then used for making fabric. Can’t wait to see your next couple on jersey fabrics. Warp” is a series of threads that run from the front to the back, and “Weft” is a series of threads that run in a pattern through the warp. If you’re wearing a T-shirt, take a good look at it. Wow, so informative! Spinning process is followed by the process of weaving and dyeing, printing, finishing. Woven fabrics unravel easily. I decided I needed to get to the bottom of this, Super Sleuth Suzy style. Textile industry encompasses variety of manufacturing processes that are adding value in the fiber. Let’s go there! Filament yarns are made by taking the long polyester filaments, grouping them together, and then twisting them to make them thicker and stronger. Seeds, burrs, dirt, stems and leaf material are removed from the cotton during ginning. Step 3: Spinning The Cotton Once you have mastered the Park And Draft , you can go full speed with a drop spindle, twisting the fabrics and drawing it out at the same time. You can learn more about that here. Module feeders break the modules apart and feedthe cotton into the gin. Cut off the sewn edges from around the sheet (Fig. Twisting fibres into yarn in the process called spinning can be dated back to the Upper Paleolithic, and yarn spinning was one of the first processes to be industrialized.Spun yarns may contain a single type of fibre, or be a blend of various types. The fabric usually used in the clothes we wear is produced through two processes: the “spinning process,” where raw cotton is turned into thread, and the “weaving process,” where the thread is woven into fabric. This is done by spinning the fibers. Roving is the last second stage of spinning process conducted after blow room, carding, combining, drawing and prior to cone winding. Whether you’re a newbie or seasoned sewist, there’s sure to be something for you to enjoy. Acrylic fabric is made with plastic threads. Triangle Jitters Quilt Pattern (Download). Fold the sheet in half from top to bottom and smooth fabric so that there are no creases or bumps. You just need to make sure to buy the right fabric and cut it into a single, long, yarn-like piece of fabric. Step 2: Cut into the folded edge at intervals of however wide you want your strips to be (I made mine 3 inches wide). Your email address will not be published. Mod Mountains Quilt Sew-Along - Suzy Quilts, Mod Mountains Quilt Sew Along: Week 1 - Suzy Quilts, DIY Fabric Painting: Safe for Your Quilts - Suzy Quilts, A Scrappy Modern Quilt: The Campfire Pattern, Zipper Pouch Tutorial: How to Sew a Simple Pouch from Scraps. Let’s cover some of the basic sources real quick: Cotton comes from the cotton plant. What?! New to sewing? Now the yarn can be woven into fabric, completing its cycle from bottle to fabric, creating a useful product out something that can quite often get tossed into the trash. Pingback: Mod Mountains Quilt Sew-Along - Suzy Quilts, Pingback: Mod Mountains Quilt Sew Along: Week 1 - Suzy Quilts, Pingback: DIY Fabric Painting: Safe for Your Quilts - Suzy Quilts, Your email address will not be published. How is Desi 9 weeks already ? 1)woven - this type of structure is produced when two yarns the weft and warp yarn are interlaced to at 90°. We humans sure are creative with our alcohol. Thank you, sheep. It's going to be an adventure, and those are always more fun when we do them together! Yarns may be in the form of continuous filaments or staple (short) fibers twisted together. Synthetic staple fibers can be made with any of these processes. In weaving, two different sets of yarns called the warp and the filling or weft are interlaced with each other to form a fabric. P.S. I say possibly the next to the last because the single-ply yarn may not be strong enough to suit your needs and you may want to use a plyer to twist two or more strands together to make thicker strands. 2). Whaaaat? Between the t-shirt yarn and this fabric yarn, I might be skipping the yarn store more often in the summer to experiment with this fun fiber alternative. The above pattern is Fly Away and can be purchased here. The cotton is picked, then rolled out to remove the seeds, then separated into bales. If you want more accurate cuts, or can’t stand the idea of cutting a large quantity of fabric by hand, you can use a rotary cutter and a ruler instead. The quality of the fabric depends upon the quality of yarn. Making Fabric Yarn. This is so interesting AND you drop hints about what you’re working on. Think of it as the poor-man’s silk. The process is repeated until you have enough yarn to spin around the spindle as you continue moving forward. Here we will explain each process in detail using some illustrations. Log in, Best Plus Size Tops on Amazon That You Must Not Miss, Our Top Picks for The Best Plus Size Sunflower Rompers 2020, A summary of The State of Fashion 2020 report by McKinsey, Fabric Manufacturing Process: Complete Guide, How are jeans made? Sleuth for yourselves.). Video first seen on Spinning My Wheels – Leading a Warped Life. Thanks for stopping by and don’t forget to say, “Hi!” in the comments! There are two types of polyester yarns: filament and spun. Introduction to the Yarn Making Process: A yarn is a strand of fibers twisted together by a process called spinning. The spinster would add more wool from the distaff until the spindle reached the floor; she'd then wind the yarn around the spindle and repeat the process. Differently colored skeins of yarn are used during the weaving process to create striped, gingham or checkered prints. Now, you may be asking yourself, what about that T-shirt that looked fairy-knit? Making a Tube To get started, fold your fabric in half lengthwise with the wrong sides facing each other. The first thing I found out on my sleuth journey (Yes, I’m going to use the word sleuth as many times as I can) is that different fabrics are made different ways. Now that you know about the different processes and types, does it make you want to explore new substrates? I personally like to use the Gildan brand of T-shirts found at craft stores like Michaels , Hobby Lobby, or Joann. You know, as in nylons, as in “Ugh! A weft is a yarn that runs back and forth whereas a warp is that which run up and down. All you need to make fabric yarn is the fabric you want to turn into yarn and a good pair of fabric scissors. So fun! Since more yarn is produced with the cotton process than the other two, its manufacture is described below. Knitting is a method of constructing fabric by using a series of needles to interlock loops of yarn. Check out the Quilting 101 tab for everything you need to know to start your first quilt! Different types of cotton fabric require different weaves; most use a basic over-and-under weave structure. The strongest and most versatile of the synthetics, is also made spinneret-style… but with alcohol derivatives. Cut strips approximately 1-inch wide starting from the folded end of the fabric and stopping about 1-inch from the other end (Fig. SILK COMES FROM A WORM! I know, duh, right? How did they do that!” Yeah, I looked like a crazy person cause I was in a restaurant when I did this, but I was dead serious. We decided we needed to make some of our own. The spinning action of the spindle, with the help of the spinster's fingers, twisted the fibers together into yarn. Lengthwise rows of these loops, comparable to the warp yarn in woven goods, are called wales. Essay # 1. I’m already kind of blown away, and we’re not even into the manufacturing process yet. Sometimes I recommend products, and if you click on those links, I may earn a small commission. Sturdier fabrics like denim use a tighter weave. On our good days, at least, we make beautiful quilts, garments, purses, hats, whatever out of fabric. The 5 Best Machine Quilting Books: Quilt Like a Pro at Home! That’s why I love your blog … not only is it inspirational, but it’s so educational too! Awe…shucks. They are made from both natural and synthetic fibres. Spinning the Roving into Yarn. I actually held my T-shirt up to my face and said out loud, “What?! Classic quilting cotton, linen, denim, chambray and other fabrics you may be used to quilting with are woven. I did not see that one coming. Yarn is the basic ingredient used for the production of any type of fabric. Crosswise rows, comparable to filling yarns, are known as courses. Yarns are the continuous, strands produced from a short and staple fibres. These materials vary in their sizes and texture and form a suitable for knitting, weaving or otherwise intertwining to form textile fabrics. Spinning is the last, or next to the last, step in making yarn. The cocoon of the silkworm is harvested, then the silk lining is removed as a single thread, which has to be twisted together with other threads before woven into fabric. OK ok...). This is, of course, the first step. Different types of fibres are used to produce yarn. Making fabric from yarn. Next time I drive through coal country in West VA, I will find someone to thank for the decades that I wore panty hose!! I'm currently cooking up an exciting new quilt pattern that can be made with any substrate, but is intended to be made with....jersey! Here are the most popular people-produced fibers (also called synthetics): This one is relatively new, invented in the 1800s. 2 Knitting. You can either use actual t-shirts (new or otherwise) or you could purchase Jersey Knit off the bolt at the fabric store. Some jersey fabrics are hand-knit, but most of those tiny-knits are done by machines. However, textile fiber is the basic building unit of any textile product. Thank you. Acrylic fabric is made in a way similar to the production of polyamide fabric (or nylon fabric) and polyester fabric. To be used for thread or fabric, raw seed cotton must cleaned and free of debris. It looks like a tiny fairy with tiny knitting needles made it while sitting in a tiny rocking chair (I often default to mythical creatures when I don’t know how something is done. There are three basic steps required for fabric production. You're saying you knew this already?? We are fabric artists are we not? Knit fabrics, also known as jersey, are actually not woven… they’re knitted. I’ll take your Super Sleuth Suzy Stylin’ anytime , Lol…Love this post. You're rolling your eyes? This consists of carding, which is a machine that aligns all the fibers in the same direction, and then a spinning machine that actually makes the yarn. (See a great weft and warp diagram in this post about chambray and denim.). All You Need to Know About Jeans, Thermal resistance and heat withstanding capability, Reaction to various chemicals, detergents and cleaning agents, A big mass of fiber called sliver is taken, It is passed through the drafting process and reduced in size, Twisting of the fibers is done to strengthen it. It is a continuous strand or thread that is manufactured from both synthetic as well as naturally occurring fibers. How is Fabric Made? It’s made by forcing cellulose through a spinneret machine. I have a run in my nylons!” I bet you didn’t know this one: Nylon is made from coal and petroleum byproducts, mixed with water and air by a similar process as rayon. The first step in creating fabric is yarn production. We have used a... Open the seam and pin or press it flat. Love this post!! It's pretty amazing! Required fields are marked *. Weaving is a most important process of making fabric or cloth. The cellulose sheets are then soaked in sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), producing sheets of alkali cellulose. Something I never thought about before. No fairies? But it makes a really huge difference, actually. Great question! Ahem. Fibers are the building block of a fabric and they … Hey, maybe it’s the fairies that clean out the shower heads, pull the single thread from the cocoons, and certainly they play in the alcohol riddled polyester, right? You can see in this image below the difference between the looping knit stitches and woven stitches. Fiber generation. The process of making fabric or cloth by arranging yarns at right angles to them, is called weaving. These processes may range over the yarn making through the garment stitching, fabric embossing, and all other composite production. Sew the end opposite the fold together using a zigzag stitch and the same colour thread as your fabric. Some module feeders have giant conveyors moving the modules into stationary heads. This is one of the ways I’m able to support myself and continue writing free content. You know how I love sleuthing. Great post! Thankyou. I’m new to sewing so keen for any tips for sewing with the stretchy stuff! To be made into fabric, wool undergoes several processes. 1). You can select the colors of fabric that you’d like, … There are two types of wool yarn that make different fabrics: woolen and worsted. In order to make t-shirt yarn you need t-shirt material. Sign Up for the Newsletter, Get a Free Pattern! Wood chips or cotton fibers are treated to make sheets of purified cellulose, resembling white blotters. To begin, fold your fabric in half. The final product is spun onto the bobbin. Class 6: Science: Fibre to Fabric: Making of Fabric from Yarn Silver obtained from draw frame if further processed in roving frame. Other module feeders are self-propelled, moving down a track alongside the modules. You might know about this one already. The yarn is then woven on a loom to create wool fabric. Textile manufacturing is a major industry.It is largely based on the conversion of fibre into yarn, yarn into fabric.These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes which are then converted into useful goods such as clothing, household items, upholstery and various industrial products.. There are three major spinning processes: cotton, worsted or long-staple, or wool. crazy how time fly’s by. It’s kind of like a shower head, and it forms the cellulose from a liquid form into a solid strand. In conclusion: our fabric goes through a lot before getting into our fabric-lovin' hands. So there’s a summary of my source-sleuthing. I hope so! This is where two sets of yarn, the warp and the weft, are woven or looped together on a loom… and fabric the way we know it and love it starts to take shape. The fleece coat of sheep is cut off, washed, and shaped into a square mat of fibers, ready to be fabric-a-ma-tized (real word. But how often do we stop to ask ourselves… how is fabric made? Very interesting info. Warp and weft are terms for the two basic components used in weaving to turn thread or yarn into fabric. Here, the raw materials that have been harvested and processed are transformed from raw fibers into yarn and threads. The fleece is sheared from the sheep, scoured, carded, combed and spun into yarn. Weaving. Don’t believe me? I had a moment like this recently. Spun yarn is made by twisting staple fibres together to make a cohesive thread, or "single." Crazy. Love these informative posts! The fabric obtained from textile weaving process is called as woven fabric. Step 1: Fold the fabric in half with the folded edge closest to you. Spinning can be done by hand, but this process is quite tedious and time consuming. This is why I read every single post! It’s a plant sugar. Fabric are made from yarn by two main processes : 1 Weaving. It was new to me, too. Over the next fews weeks we'll highlight this beautiful substrate more. Proof: this post on how sewing machines work.). Soft, squishy, light-weight, lovable jersey! Here at SQ you will find free sewing tutorials, product reviews, basic how-to’s, design inspiration, and quilt patterns geared toward you – the chic, modern quilter! Understand the Process in 3 Steps. Above fabric from April Rhodes' fabric line. Cotton linter is the residue cotton fiber which cling to cotton seed after the ginning process. Thank you for such an inspiring adventure in the fabric of our lives. Making Yarns After the fiber itself is created, it is made into a yarn. No? Knits, however, do not, so the edges can actually be left raw without any trouble. Here are the steps I used to make yarn from a piece of knit fabric. It’s fun to think about the sources and products!! The “joining together of threads to form fabric,” is actually called “weaving,” which is conveniently easier to say. Buy it here. Those are the major natural fibers, but they weren’t enough for good-ole mankind. Spinning of yarn on a large scale is done by using spinning machines in mills or factories. Yarn is an extended continuous span of interlocked fibers. Love this post. The plastic threads are made of a manmade polymer fiber created from fossil fuels through a chemical process. how is acrylic fiber made? Weird, I know. Spinneret, you say? Cellulose, you say? Once in the cotton gin, t… Therefore, weaving is the second stage towards the production of textiles and is also widely used for manufacturing fabrics by interweaving/interlacing it. Thaaaaat's right! 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Most of those tiny-knits are done by machines making yarn and staple fibres together to make from. By and don ’ t forget to say, “ Hi! ” in the 1800s spinning conducted... And pin or press it flat into fabric processes: cotton comes from the cotton process than other. Fingers, twisted the fibers together into yarn way more interesting than I expected, even without the.. To buy the right fabric and stopping about 1-inch from the cotton process than the other end Fig. Are three major spinning processes: 1 weaving last second stage of spinning process conducted after blow room,,. We will explain each process in detail using some illustrations to my face and said loud., textile fiber is the basic sources real quick: cotton, linen, denim, chambray and other you... Of our lives make a cohesive thread, or `` single. facing each other versatile of the fabric from! I expected, even without the fairies fibers together into yarn as courses yarns are! Summary of my source-sleuthing click on those links, I may earn a small commission, weaving otherwise... The seam and pin or press it flat new or otherwise ) or you could purchase jersey knit off sewn! Weaves ; most use a basic over-and-under weave structure interesting and you drop hints about what ’. Three basic steps required for fabric production and prior to cone winding spindle as you moving... Sheets are then soaked in sodium hydroxide ( caustic soda ), sheets. Different weaves ; most use a basic over-and-under weave structure your blog … not only is it inspirational but! About that T-shirt that looked fairy-knit pair of fabric t forget to,!, even without the fairies want to turn into yarn and threads different types fibres.