Recently as per Himachal Pradesh census data, 87.22% houses are owned while 10.31% were rented. Himachal Pradesh: Known for its picturesque snow-covered mountain ranges, Himachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful states in India. 8 1.9 District-wise Sex Ratio in Himachal Pradesh. With a growth of 1.2% population in year 2013, Himachal Pradesh total count of people stands at 7,033,158. Himachal Pradesh has been a Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the BJP secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. km. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. The sex-ratio of Himachal Pradesh state is around 972 compared to 943 which is national average of India. Through its history, it was for the most part controlled by local kingdoms, The literacy rate of Himachal Pradesh state is 73.42% out of which 79.05% males are literate and 67.61% females are literate. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. India’s population is young. Himachal Pradesh is a Hill state in the Northern region of India. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. If information is needed for more accurately, the… [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Sharma, one of the state’s famous Sanskrit researchers. As of now, the yearly growth rate of 1.2% is recorded in Himachal Pradesh. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. Himachal Pradesh is one of the beautiful states situated in It is comparatively lower than national average, which is 382 per sq km. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Himachal Pradesh in 2011 is 6,864,602 (6.86 Lakhs) The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. Working on an unprecedented scale. District-wise Population Density by Residence in Himachal Pradesh (As per 2011 Census) District-wise Population Density (Total/Rural/Urban) in Himachal Pradesh (2001) Browse District by State. POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH OF SHIMLA: The population density is 159 persons per square kilometer. 8 1.8 Rural-Urban population as percentage to total population of the Districts. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. According to 2011 census, the total population of the State is 68,64,602 with a density of 123 persons. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. Lahaul Spiti is the largest district of Himachal Pradesh. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. There are 25.19% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 5.71% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Himachal Pradesh. The district has a population density of 338 inhabitants per square kilometre (880/sq mi). [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. have 25% national potential in the generation of power. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. Government of India. Average Sex Ratio of Katrain village is 1020 which is higher than Himachal Pradesh state average of 972. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. In 1966, hilly areas of Punjab state were merged into Himachal as Union territory and it was given full statehood in 1971. Himachal Pradesh shares borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south. It has enlisted 12.95% growth as far as [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. [55], Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. Rajasthan has water shortage and its hot 8s dry climate accounts for low population density. Although the area of the state exceeds that of many other states of India, the population density of the state was 123/km 2 as per the latest NPR done in 2011. Working on an unprecedented scale. [127], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state. The sex-ratio of Hamirpur district is around 1095 compared to 972 which is average of Himachal Pradesh state. [52] The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion,[47] which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use.